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Cognitive Functions

Each personality type engages the world through four cognitive functions. Each function is directed outward toward people and surroundings (Extraverted) or inward toward a person’s thoughts (Introverted).

Take the Personality Test for a detailed analysis of your personality. You will learn your four cognitive functions plus your personality type and much more on 20 pages with more than 30 charts. The test is free with no registration required.

Extraverted

Extraverted Feeling Function (Fe)

Feeling people make decisions based on feelings, so the Extraverted Feeling function allows a person to adjust their behavior to the needs of others.

Extraverted Feeling is the ability to relate and the desire to connect with others with warmth and consideration. It draws others out and responds to expressed or unexpressed needs.

Personality Types with Extraverted Feeling

The ESFJ and ENFJ personality types have Extraverted Feeling as their Primary Function.

ESFJ – The “Supporter”
Supporters are friendly and nurturing. They seek to preserve tradition and observe rules. They are deeply caring and want to be liked. Their caretaking nature is one of the hallmarks of being a Supporter. They are supportive (hence their name) and generous. Supporters have a desire to please and help others.

ENFJ – The “Mentor”
Mentors are driven by their desire to help others reach their fullest potential. They are affectionate, charismatic and deeply caring. Mentors feel called to enrich the world with their altruistic contributions. They are often called upon to help others in times of need.

Extraverted Intuition Function (Ne)

Intuitive people process data through impressions, possibilities and meanings, so the Extraverted Intuition function allows a person to see different path or ways.

When information comes in, different possibilities are thought of, realizing that there is always another way of looking at things.

Personality Types with Extraverted Intuition

The ENTP and ENFP personality types have Extraverted Intuition as their Primary Function.

ENTP – The “Originator”
Originators are innovative, flexible and see endless possibilities. They are enthusiastic about the ideas they generate. They are inventive, intellectually quick and skilled at what they do. They thrive to find solutions to technical problems. They are gifted at coming up with new and efficient approaches.

ENFP – The “Advocate”
Advocates are enthusiastic, expressive and charismatic leaders. They are spontaneous, wild and posses a great zest for life. Advocates are dreamers. They are driven by their values and strive to champion the causes they believe in. They are resourceful, visionary and creative.

Extraverted Sensing Function (Se)

Sensing people process data with their five senses, so the Extraverted Sensing function allows a person to process life through their experiences.

Extraverted Sensing is the ability to be keen to what is seen, smelled, touched, heard and tasted. It is energized by experience and it is able to live “in the moment.”

Personality Types with Extraverted Sensing

The ESTP and ESFP personality types have Extraverted Sensing as their Primary Function.

ESTP – The “Persuader”
Persuaders live in the “here and now.” Their strength lies in their ability to persuade others and get things done. They are enthusiastic and lively. They think on their feet and thrive in crisis situations. The rush that risk-taking situations produce is very appealing to the Persuader. They are straightforward, realistic and take criticism well.

ESFP – The “Entertainer”
Entertainers are fun-loving and outgoing. They seek an audience to listen to their stories and adventures. They love being the center of attention. They are people-oriented and dislike being alone. Their harmonious and lively nature makes Entertainers popular and very likeable. They enjoy action, new experiences and a life filled with excitement.

Extraverted Thinking Function (Te)

Thinking people make decisions based on logic, so the Extraverted thinking function allows a person to organize and categorize things, thoughts or arguments.

Extraverted Thinking is the ability to see the logical consequences of actions. It follows sequence and organization.

Personality Types with Extraverted Thinking

The ESTJ and ENTJ personality types have Extraverted Thinking as their Primary Function.

ESTJ – The “Overseer”
Overseers are responsible and hard working. Tradition and loyalty are deeply valued by them. As quintessential leaders, they provide structure and high standards to followers. When making decisions, they rely on logic and facts. Overseers are efficient and thrive on routine and stability. They are committed and predictable people.

ENTJ – The “Chief”
Chiefs are natural and decisive leaders. They are analytical, efficient and hard working. They live in the world of ideas and have a great ability to debate. Their goal-oriented and self-confident nature enables them to take charge. They thrive on achievement.

Introverted

Introverted Feeling Function (Fi)

Feeling people makes decisions based on feelings, so the Introverted Feeling function allows a person to know what they value.

Introverted Feeling is the ability to see through others and know what they are really like as if they had an internal radar. When it identifies a person with similar values there is a desire to connect.

Personality Types with Introverted Feeling

The ISFP and INFP personality types have Introverted Feeling as their Primary Function.

ISFP – The “Artist”
Artists live in the present and yearn for freedom. They are artistic, aesthetically inclined and sensitive. They are happiest when they are being creative and expressing themselves. They are loyal, warm and private. Artists are cooperative and adaptable.

INFP – The “Dreamer”
Dreamers are idealistic and deeply sensitive. They are characterized by their loyal and gentle nature. Beneath their easygoing disposition runs a fixed passion for the causes they believe in and the people they selflessly care for.

Introverted Intuition Function (Ni)

Intuitive people process data through impressions, possibilities and meanings, so the Introverted Intuition function allows a person to have a sense about the future.

Introverted Intuition is the ability to grasp and get a sense of a pattern or plan. Information that is usually hard to understand and dissect is easily processed through Introverted Intuition.

Personality Types with Introverted Intuition

The INTJ and INFJ personality types have Introverted Intuition as their Primary Function.

INTJ – The “Strategist”
Strategists are private, independent and self-confident. They strive for perfection and achievement. They are gifted strategists with analytical, conceptual and objective minds. They are flexible and like to formulate contingency plans. Strategists are able to see the reasons behind things.

INFJ – The “Confidant”
Confidants are complex, deep and intensely private. Their life’s mission is to develop and guide others. Personal growth drives them and anything short of that pursuit is meaningless to them. They are passionate and devoted to the causes they believe in. Confidants live their life with a great sense of purpose.

Introverted Sensing Function (Si)

Sensing people process data with their five senses, so the Introverted Sensing function allows a person to remember data in detail and be able to compare it to the current data.

Extraverted Sensing is the ability to link present experiences to past experiences in search for a connection.

Personality Types with Introverted Sensing

The ISTJ and ISFJ personality types have Introverted Sensing as their Primary Function.

ISTJ – The “Examiner”
Examiners have a keen sense of right and wrong. They are responsible, dependable and loyal. As gifted administrators, they value thoroughness, integrity and honesty. They are practical and believe that work comes before play. Examiners always have a plan and are prepared.

ISFJ – The “Defender”
Defenders are kind, loyal and considerate. They desire to serve and protect others sacrificially. They serve behind the scenes without seeking recognition. Defenders like routine and have excellent follow-through skills. They possess rich inner lives, are private and quietly friendly.

Introverted Thinking Function (Ti)

Thinking people make decisions based on logic, so the Introverted thinking function allows a person to categorize and analyze data.

Introverted Thinking is the ability to identify inconsistencies, know how things work and problem-solve.

Personality Types with Introverted Thinking

The ISTP and INTP personality types have Introverted Thinking as their Primary Function.

ISTP – The “Craftsman”
Craftsmen are adventurous and independent. They are fearless and thrive on challenging situations. They are gifted problem solvers. Their mechanical and technical nature enables them to operate many kinds of tools and instruments. They are proud of their relatively effortless ability to acquire many skills. They seek freedom and are typically unemotional.

INTP – The “Engineer”
Engineers are easygoing yet private. They are logical and enjoy analyzing complex problems. They thrive on the theoretical and like to figure out how things work. They do not like rigid rules and often do not abide by them. They are independent intellectuals.

Take the Personality Test for a detailed analysis of your personality. You will learn your four cognitive functions plus your personality type and much more on 20 pages with more than 30 charts. The test is free with no registration required.