Extraverted (E), Intuitive (N), Feeling (F) and Perceiving (P)
The ENFP personality type is nicknamed the "Advocate" and belongs to the NF Visionary temperament. ENFPs are enthusiastic, expressive and charismatic leaders. They are spontaneous, wild and posses a great zest for life. ENFPs are dreamers. They are driven by their values and strive to champion the causes they believe in. They are resourceful, visionary and creative.
Advocates direct their energy outward. They are social, talkative and assertive. Advocates love people and are gregarious. They are energized by interaction and dislike being alone. ENFPs are Intuitive. They are imaginative and idealistic. Their thought process is abstract and complex. ENFPs are deep, future-oriented and see endless possibilities. ENFPs are Feelers that make decisions with their heart. They are warm and sensitive. ENFPs can easily empathize with others because of their deeply caring nature. Advocates are adaptable, flexible and easygoing. They live with a carefree attitude and like to keep their options open.
ENFPs romanticize and idealize their relationships. They are charming and can establish a connection effortlessly. They like to discuss deep issues and share ideas, activities and interests. Their quest for magic in relationships often leaves them feeling unsatisfied. They give everything of themselves and expect to be supported and nurtured in return.
"Have a heart that never hardens, and a temper that never tires, and a touch that never hurts." — Charles Dickens
ENFPs are social learners. They learn best when their creativity and imagination are given free reign. They have a real need to please teachers and classmates. They love to integrate knowledge with the big picture. Their process is random but connective.
Describing an ENFP
ENFPs can often be described with these words. They commonly posess the following strengths and weaknesses.
Characteristic of an ENFP
- Fun, dramatic and optimistic
- Affirming and affectionate
- Can read others motives and feelings
- Excellent communication skills
- Driven to meet others needs
- Has trouble with conflict and confrontation
- Can be manipulative and controlling
- Holds on to bad relationships
- Gets bored easily
- ENFPs make up 7% of all 16 personality types. Of the NF types, ENFPs are the most prevalent. iNtuition, Feeling and Perceiving are less common as dominant preferences than their opposites.
- 1 in every 12 males is an ENFP (6% of all males). 1 in every 16 females is an ENFP (8% of all females). Male ENFPs are one of the least common type-gender combinations for Extraverts.
- There are more female ENFPs than there are male ENFPs. Just over 40% of ENFPs are male. One reason there are more female ENFPs is that females tend to be Feelers (F) while males are more often Thinkers (T).
Extraversion is characterized by a preference to focus on the world outside the self. ENFPs are energized by social gatherings, parties and group activities. Extraverts are usually enthusiastic, gregarious and animated. Their communication style is verbal and assertive. As Extraverts, ENFPs often need to talk. They enjoy the limelight.
As Feeling people, ENFPs are subjective. They make decisions based on their principles and values. They are ruled by their heart instead of their head. ENFPs judge situations and others based on their feelings and extenuating circumstances. They seek to please others and want to be appreciated. They value harmony and empathy.
People with Intuition live in the future. They are immersed in the world of possibilities. They process information through patterns and impressions. As Intuitives, ENFPs value inspiration and imagination. They gather knowledge by reading between the lines. Their abstract nature attracts them toward deep ideas, concepts and metaphors.
Perceiving refers to a person's adaptability and flexibility. Advocates are random thinkers who prefer to keep their options open. They thrive with the unexpected and are open to change. They are spontaneous and often juggle several projects at once. They enjoy starting a task better than finishing it. Advocates play as they work.
ENFP Cognitive Functions
Every person engages the world through four Cognitive Functions. The ENFP's primary function is Extraverted Intuition and secondary is Introverted Feeling.
Extraverted Intuition (Primary)
ENFPs use this function most often. With Intuition (N), ENFPs process new information through impressions, possibilities and meanings. Extraverted Intuition allows them to see different paths or ways. When an ENFP receives information, they are able to see that there is more than one way to look at things.
Introverted Feeling (Secondary)
ENFPs use of this function is somewhat high. When Feeling (F), Advocates make decisions based on feelings, so the Introverted Feeling function allows them to know what they value. It is the ability to see through others and know what they are like as if the ENFP had internal radar. There is a desire to connect when they identify a person with similar values.
Extraverted Thinking (Tertiary)
ENFPs use this function but to a lesser degree. While Thinking (T), ENFPs make decisions based on logic. The Extraverted Thinking function enables them to organize and categorize items such as thoughts and arguments. It is the ability to see the logical consequences of actions. It follows sequence and organization.
Introverted Sensing (Least)
ENFPs use this function least of the four. Through Sensing (S), ENFPs process data with their five senses. The Introverted Sensing function allows them to remember data in detail and to compare it with current information. It is the ability to link present experiences to past experiences in search for a connection.
ENFPs and Work
Advocates seek fulfilling jobs. They generate endless ideas and are able to communicate them with great passion and enthusiasm. They see themselves as facilitators who appreciate the goodness of others. They bring vision, intuition and meaning to the workplace. They need autonomy and an outlet for their many talents. They wither in monotonous environments.
ENFP Career Matches
People with the ENFP personality type may find satisfaction with the following careers which tend to match well with their Advocate personality.
- Social Worker
- Conference Planner
- Public Relations
- Housing Director
- Church Worker
- Art Director
- Project Manager
- Merchandise Planner
- Career Counselor
- Speech Pathologist
- Human Resources
- Occupational Therapist
- Social Scientist
- Franz Joseph HaydnComposer
- Mark TwainWriter
- Will RogersComedian
- Buster KeatonSilent Film Comic Actor
- Dr. SeussWriter, Cartoonist
- Andy RooneyTelevision Writer
- King JordanPres., Gallaudet University
- Robin WilliamsActor
- Paul RobesonSinger, Lawyer, Activist
- Regis PhilbinTelevision Personality
- Phil DonahueTelevision Personality
- Bill MoyersJournalist, Commentator
- Charles DickensEnglish Novelist
- Upton SinclairAuthor, Investigative Journalist
- Dave ThomasBusinessman, Philanthropist
- Sandra BullockActress
- SinbadActor, Comedian
- Andy KaufmanEntertainer
- Bob DylanSinger-songwriter, Musician
- Dr. Doug RossER
- BalkiPerfect Strangers
- WendyPeter Pan
- ArielThe Little Mermaid
- Bridget JonesBridget Jones's Diary
- Steve UrkelFamily Matters
- Lara AntipovaDoctor Zhivago
- WillThe Fresh Prince of Bel-Air
- Mr. KeatingDead Poets Society
- Anakin SkywalkerStar Wars
- Hunter "Patch" AdamsPatch Adams (Film)
Advocates place high value on authenticity. They yearn for genuine soul-to-soul relationships. They are good listeners and desire to understand others. The ENFP's greatest contribution is their ability to inspire and motivate others with their enthusiasm and passion for life.